Dilbit Crude Oil, Properties, Weathering Behavior, and Spill Countermeasures
E. Taylor, G. Challenger, J. Rios, M.W. McCARTHY, C. Brown, and J. Morris
Diluted bitumen (dilbit) crude oil represents a range of oils produced from bitumen extracted from oil sands in Alberta, Canada. As these reserves are increasingly in demand, more transportation options are being sought to deliver the product to refineries both in North America and abroad. This paper provides a review of dilbit oil properties, applicable countermeasures, and potential fate, behavior and effects for spills to land, freshwater, and marine settings and compares these oils to other oil commodities that have been transported and used over the past decades.